PERCEPTIONS OF CULTURE CARE IN HUMANITARIAN WORK BY THE STUDENTS OF MASTERS' DEGREE IN GLOBAL HEALTH CARE
Kering, Naomy (2016)
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As the world is increasingly becoming multicultural, the need for cultural competence education to students of health care is essential to ensure a culturally competent workforce. The main purpose of this study is to determine the students’ perceptions of culture care and its importance in their work contexts. The main aim is to identify how students’ worldview, cultural and socio-cultural factors influence the way of care to people of diverse cultures. Qualitative method was used in this study and an open-ended questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data was analysed through deductive/theory-based method whereby, data was analysed based on Leininger’s Sunrise Enabler tool to discover culture care perceptions of the students. The results revealed were based on Leininger’s theory of culture care and this include: Culture care values as inherited or learned by the students, Culture care values as influenced by the students’ worldview, cultural and socio-cultural factors, and Culture care values as applied in students work contexts. From the results, it shows how culture care values are acquired by the students, what influences the students’ culture care values and where culture care values can be applied by the students. In conclusion, culture plays a major role in caring for people from diverse cultures, and without the understanding of the cultural background of the clients you are working with; it will be difficult to satisfy their needs. However, the researcher recommends some actions to be taken by the faculties teaching health care students, these actions include teaching culture care without interfering with the students cultural beliefs of care, finding better ways and methods to teach culture care for better understanding and finally, designing their curriculum to accommodate the teaching of culture care to other healthcare students apart from nursing.