Adequate Care of the Elderly: Family Caregivers & Nurses
Bondad, Joan (2016)
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This study is a part of Arcada-Loviisa project regarding healthy aging which is commissioned by Loviisa City. The main purpose of this study and its motivation is to establish what constitutes adequate care of the elderly; to define personal qualities and the skills needed to provide quality care and to identify the role of the professional nurse in formal (family) caregiving. This study will seek an answer to the following research questions 1. What is adequate care? 2. What personal qualities and skills do formal caregivers need in order to adequately take care of the elderly? 3. What is the role of the professional nurse in formal caregiving? Kari Martinsen’s theory in concept of care manifests the holistic nature of caregiving and requires personal qualities in the caregiver, was introduced as a guide lines to seeking solutions for the research questions. In the analysis eleven articles and deductive content analysis was used. As a result, as far as knowledge and skills are concerned the nurses are also teachers. They need to transmit all the necessary knowledge and monitor the acquisition of the skills. It is evident that the time and patience that this teaching task requires will vary greatly depending entirely on the condition and need of the patient. As a matter of fact, life is a process; human life in particular is made up of many phases. Each one is a process in itself. Therefore, the caregiver needs to monitor the changes in the patient, not only psychical ones or decreased mental capacities but also the positive moments, the lucidity and the richness of memory creating opportunities for a more intimate interchange between the caregiver and patient, mutual moments of gratitude, of forgiveness, of shared memories.